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2009 February: Dough Physician – Pizza Right this moment


2009 February: Dough Doctor2009 February: Dough DoctorSome pizza doughs are made with sugar, and others are made with out. Sometimes, we fi nd that dough destined to be baked at excessive temperatures is made with none added sugar, whereas people who might be baked at decrease temperatures (425 to 450 F) will include a minimum of some sugar to help in crust coloration growth. Doughs that include sugar will brown fairly shortly when baked at excessive temperatures, thus prompting their elimination from the oven. However be suggested, the pizza is probably not baked in addition to it seems. Whereas good and brown on the surface, it might be delicate and moist on the within.

In addition to affecting crust coloration growth, sugar additionally offers a supply of nutrient for the yeast to feed upon. So if you’re holding your dough for a number of days within the cooler, a small quantity of sugar added to the dough system –– about 1 p.c –– might assist your dough to carry out higher after a number of days of cooler storage. Since a lot of this sugar might be consumed by the yeast, there might be little or no, if any, of it left to contribute to crust coloration growth within the oven. The kind of sugar added can have an effect on each the flavour and crumb coloration of the completed crust, and that is what we’re going to evaluate on this article.

Relating to deciding on a sugar for its taste contribution, we’ve got a number of selections. Honey is available in quite a lot of color-based grades. The upper the grade, the lighter the colour. Because the value of honey is predicated on its coloration, the lighter the colour, the costlier — however that doesn’t at all times imply that it’s the greatest suited to our particular utility in a crust. Taking into consideration the excessive price of honey, it makes a whole lot of sense to make use of a darker coloured, extra intensely flavored honey at a decrease degree to attain the specified taste in our crusts. The one time when a lighter coloured honey must be thought of is when a honey taste is desired and also you need to decrease any darkening of the crumb coloration within the completed crust. For those who’re making a wheat or whole-wheat crust, one of many darker coloured, decrease price grades of honey will present each taste and crumb coloration enchancment to the completed crust and prevent a number of {dollars} in the long term.

Molasses will also be added to pizza doughs to impart a novel taste. However like with darkish coloured honey and malt syrup, the colour of molasses can also be darkish, so it is going to have a darkening impact on the crumb portion of the completed pizza crust. The flavour imparted by molasses is actually distinctive and it blends properly with darkish coloured fl ours resembling whole-wheat, multigrain and even most of the extra unique fl ours resembling buckwheat, quinua, amaranth, and a bunch of others. About the one factor to observe for with molasses is to buy solely unsulfured molasses, as different types of this sweetener could be detrimental to yeast exercise, leading to poor dough efficiency.

Whereas not precisely a sweetener, fruit juice and juice concentrates have been utilized in some functions. Among the extra widespread ones are apple juice, apple juice focus, raisin juice, raisin juice focus, and prune juice. Whereas these could be successfully used as sweeteners, their important shortfall is with the flavour that they communicate. In some merchandise, the flavour is probably not a difficulty, however in others, the flavour is likely to be construed as off, overseas, or totally different. In any case, that is one thing that you would need to significantly contemplate to find out if it is likely to be proper in your product or utility.

Corn sugar, (dextrose) both as a dry sugar, or as syrup, may have a novel utility in pizza crusts. Dextrose differs from sucrose (common desk sugar or cane/beet sugar) in that it’s much less candy, solely about 90 p.c as candy as sucrose, and it additionally imparts a lighter crust coloration to the baked product than sucrose. What this implies is that it may be used to offer some degree of sweetness, or nutrient for the yeast to feed upon with out getting fairly as darkish of a baked crust coloration as could be had with different sweetener types.

Brown sugar is one other sugar sort that we see sometimes used. That is actually nothing greater than white desk sugar (sucrose) with a small portion of the black strap molasses added again to the sugar to offer it the darker coloration and slight molasses like taste. Due to its low degree within the sugar, the molasses actually doesn’t present for a lot taste, but it surely does give extra of a “pure” formulation than the refined, white sugar.

Lastly, lactose, also referred to as milk sugar, is a really totally different sort of sugar from these beforehand talked about sugars as a result of it isn’t fermented by the yeast and it additionally has a really low sweetness, solely 15 p.c that of sucrose, so it doesn’t actually contribute any sweetness to the completed crust. What it does deliver to the occasion is crust coloration growth, or browning. This could turn out to be useful when formulating a dough for a take-and-bake utility. As a result of a take-and-bake pizza might be baked in a house oven, which doesn’t have the sturdy backside warmth to actually bake the pizza properly, the addition of 3- to 5-percent lactose to the dough system will present for the mandatory browning properties with none undesirable sweetness. And because the lactose isn’t fermented by the yeast, you don’t have to fret concerning the sugar degree diminishing with time because the dough/pizza is saved within the fridge.

Whereas many of those sweeteners are syrups relatively than dry, their taste and/or coloration contribution are extra important than that of standard white sugar. You’ll want to experiment with a decrease use degree than you’re presently utilizing in your common sugar. A superb place to start out is to switch the dry sugar with the syrup on the identical weight. As a result of water content material of the syrup, this can present a couple of 20-percent discount in total sugar degree. You may then make further changes as obligatory to attain the specified taste and coloration traits. If you’re making a pure sort of crust, or simply need to add extra of a “pure” or “wholesome” enchantment to your present crust, correct choice of sugar sort can play an essential roll in the best way your shopper perceives your crust and your total pizza. ?

Tom Lehmann is a director on the American Institute of Baking in Manhattan, Kansas.

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